In the first of our article series where you can get detailed information about “Recognizing Leather”, “Recognizing Hand Tools” and “Sewing Saddlery”, which we have prepared for those who are interested in leather handcraft hobby but do not know where to start, we talked about how to find the right leather for the model you want to produce.
If your model and leather are ready, fasten your leather belts! In our article “Getting to Know Hand Tools“, which is the second of our series of articles, we talked about which tools you can use to make your model come true.
Leather hobby consists of cutting, piercing, and sewing leather. That’s why cutting mat and punching wedge are very important for this hobby. Project parts that are not properly cut or drilled properly will make the construction of the project difficult and cause extra leather consumption and time loss.
A non-slip and self-regenerating cutting board of 30×60 cm on average is very important.
A punching wedge of polyethylene (hard plastic) of 20×20 cm in size with an average thickness of 2 cm and a piece of marble close to the wedge is required under the wedge to create a hard floor.
While working on projects in the leather hobby; sewing distance, pocket alignment, area to be applied adhesive, etc. Various hand tools can be used in situations that require marking on projects such as.
For example, in cases where the sewing alignment is not determined on the pattern; You can use a compass to determine the distance between the edge and the seam, you can glue the pieces to the right places by marking them with the help of a ruler, silver pen or biz before sticking together. The use of a steel ruler in ruler selection will make your job easier.
In the leather hobby, knives are divided into two. The first are knives used for rough work and the second is knives for fine work. For the beginning, a utility knife will be sufficient for the rough cut, and if you want to make a fine cut, you can use a 1 mm deburring tool for the required places.
The process of cutting the skin as much as you need from the skin wing or layer is called rough cut.
The cutting process that you will make by sticking your mold on the leather or by drawing it from the edges, the process of thinning the edges so that too many layers of leather do not swell, or similar detailed works are called fine cutting.
We can divide the staples into single and multiple. For a start, 1 double and 1 staple with five staples will be enough for you.
Single punches are used for punching accessory mounting holes, punching belt holes, and punching holes in ovals and corners where multiple punches fall short.
Multiple staples or sewing staples are one of the most important hand tools of leather hobby.
They are divided into 4 as flat tip, round tip, diamond tip and cross tip (French style).
All kinds of leather products can be made with these 4 types of staples, but the important thing is to choose the right punch spacing and size for the right project.
For example, someone using a round multi-punch with a 1 mm circle diameter should use a multi-punch with 3-4 mm between pins for small leather projects. For large leather projects, it should use a multiple punches with 5-6 mm between pins.
In the leather hobby, staples are generally used by hitting them with a hammer. Different kinds of hammers are required for different purposes.
For example, multiple punches are used with hard plastic hammers to prevent damage, iron hammers are used to pierce thick leather with too many layers, or special saddlery hammers are used to ensure that the pieces join together well after the bonding process.
In the leather hobby, giving the model a niche and stylish appearance goes through detailed edge craftsmanship. That’s why edgework is very important.
Leather edges can be finished using many different methods and tools. The more time you spend on edge, the better your result will be.
In general, the order is as follows; Coarse sanding, trimming the excess with a deburring blade, fine sanding, applying edge trimming fluid, polishing, fine sanding again, and finally polishing with optional painting or edging fluid again. The last step is 2-3 times until the desired appearance is achieved. can be repeated.
If you do not want to use edging fluid, you can also start with water buffing. To begin with, the boxwood polisher, 1000 grit sander, 1mm deburring tool will meet your needs.
The saddlery sewing method is widely used in leather hobby. This method is to sew a thread with a needle tied at both ends, sequentially or at the same time by passing through the holes pierced on the skin. The needle and thread used in this method are special.
7-8 cm long saddled saddler needles and waxed threads that are waxed and made resistant to heat are used. These threads are divided into two as polyester or linen and it is a personal preference which type of thread to use.
In this sewing method, since both hands must be used in a coordinated manner, the sewing horse is used to hold the sewing product. The sewing horse is a long clamping system that is generally made of wood.
In our next article, we will be referring to more detailed information about saddlery sewing. You can reach us from our Agulla Design Instagram account and our Youtube site, and you can ask all your questions.